|Valley City, Ohio >> Community >> History|
History of our area.
By Duane Naftzger
Liverpool Township was a primitive wilderness inhabited by wild animals prior to being first settled in 1810. The only human activities in the area were Indians roaming the area as hunting grounds, and occasionally a courier Des Boise traveling through the area. The Des Boise runners were Frenchmen hunters and trappers known as Runners of the Woods.
The area that was to become Liverpool Township was located in what was called The Connecticut Western Reserve. This Western Reserve wilderness was bounded by the Pennsylvania border on the east; the 42nd parallel to the north, the 4lst parallel to the south and 120 miles west, which comprised some three million acres. Now, people settled in other parts of Ohio territory, but not so in the Western Reserve area. The reason was that no one could get title to the land as it was owned by the Colony of Connecticut that was given this land by the King of England.
This condition changed after the Revolutionary War and Connecticut became part of the United States. Connecticut had to give up its claim to this area. The western part was given by the state of Connecticut to people who had their farms and homes burned out by the British during the Revolutionary War. That part of the Western Reserve is known to this day as the Firelands.
A group of land speculators in Connecticut formed The Connecticut Land Company and purchased the remainder of the Reserve for about 43 cents an acre. At this time the Reserve was now opened for settlement to all who possessed the daring and fortitude to make the journey to the wilderness area that later became known as Liverpool Township.
Brought On Settlement of Liverpool
Moses Deming, one of the townships first residents, wrote his memoirs at age 72, about 1850. We can glean the following information from his memoirs: In the course of the winter of 1810, Justus Warner of Waterbury, Connecticut, and his son-in-law, Seth Worden, visited Ohio to look at township No. 4 in the 15th Range of the Conn. Western Reserve, now called Liverpool. Justus Warner had a letter from Esq. Daniel Coit of Waterbury, the owner of this territory. Coit has stated the terms on which Warner could have land. The road was long and tiresome and Warner had given up all ideas of purchasing land there.
Bronson of Columbia Twp
the First Settler
Judge Walworth and General Perkins were confounded when they learned that Justus, by the authority of his letter, was the actual owner of the salt spring. They compromised with Justus and gave him one-half of the salt spring and sold him one-fourth of the township for $1.50 an acre. (That's one dollar and fifty cents an acre.) All were highly elated with future prospects.
A Flury of Activity in
German Immigrants Arrive
Starting About 1830
Liverpool Salt Works
First Corporate Firm
Township Officially organized
The village of Liverpool Center (now Valley City) was laid out in 1845. One of the first buildings was a saw mill, erected by Seth Worden in 1821. Mercantile business came along with a blacksmith shop in 1839; a dry goods store in 1840; a black and white salt and pearl-ash manufacturing plant in 1843 making up to twelve tons per year; a foundry established when the village was founded was manufacturing plows, roadscrapers, andirons, flatirons, engines, etc.; a large saw mill built in 1849; a carding and weaving machine making as high as ten thousand yards of cloth in one year. In 1867, Aaron Carr started a planing-mill manufacturing washing machines, pumps, and spring bottoms for beds. After several years he sold out and started making cheese and said to have used the milk of four hundred cows making ten to twenty cheeses a day. A tannery was still doing business in 1881. Around 1881, hammers and ax handles were made; a tin shop and gun shop existed; brick and pottery were made near the village; several more cheese factories existed; and a jewelry and photograph gallery honored the town.
In 1881, the population of Liverpool Center was two hundred. It was said that at one time in its history more manufacturing was done here than at Medina, the county seat. No other village of its size in the county had done equal business.
Manufacturing and mercantile outlets continued to find Liverpool Township a fertile area for doing business through the turn of the century and is still in progress. The kinds of business outlets have been many and varied. Around the turn of the century, the Township had one of the largest horse sales in the country where dealers were known to purchase horses by the car load.' Plows, cultivators, and cistern pumps were among the manufactured items. Cigar manufacturing was at one time a great industry here, lasting many years from the turn of the century.
Area Expansion Slowed
Valley City, Ohio >> Community >> History
© 1998 - 2011 Valley City Chamber of Commerce
This Page Last Updated 3/20/11